The article is devoted to a problem of influence of an inequality in distribution to economic growth. This factor is considered in the context of approaches to research of the transmission gear of influence of an inequality on economic growth. In article results of the empirical analysis which is carried out by the author, influences of an inequality on dynamics of economic growth are, the conclusion about the importance of this factor and conditions of its influence locates. Identification of average force of correlation between Gini's coefficient and dynamics of economic growth (0,354) that is caused by impact of the whole range of various factors on economic growth along with the considered factor became result of the analysis. Thus correlation is both positive, and negative. In the range of the size of Gini coefficient approximately to 0,445 growth of an inequality in distribution at first causes increase of rates of economic growth, that is direct dependence between these indicators is observed. It is connected, in our opinion, with growth of concentration of the capitals and existence of the separate points of growth caused by unique types of resources and a great demand on them. In the range of the size of Gini coefficient from 0,445 to 0,510 rates of economic growth don't change that is connected with big impact of negative influence of an inequality, than other factors. At high level of an inequality (Gini's coefficient more than 0,510) to increase in an inequality there is a decrease in growth rates. Thus, the countries with considerable degree of an inequality in the income have smaller opportunities of economic growth, than the country with low level of differentiation.
Keywords: income distribution, inequality, factor, conflict of interests, earned income, economic growth, gross domastic product, economic stability
The article opens the analysis of a role of factors of production in economic processes. The conclusion that a key influencing element of domination of a factor of production is ensuring competitive advantage with it in production is reasoned. Theoretical justification of influence of a key factor of production on processes of creation and cost distribution is given. Comparison of use of dominating factors of production and their contribution to economic development of the country is given in article. Comparison is given over economically developed countries and Russia. Also researches of innovative development of the countries are given in article, given the International research groups, and the main problems of formation and development of the Russian national innovative system are specified.
Keywords: cost, production factor, cost creation, cost distribution, economic subject, innovations, high technologies
Article opens problems of formation of the labor income in the Russian economy. The analysis of indicators of compensation is based on own calculations with use of adequate methods of the analysis of data, and also in comparison with indicators of the labor income of the developed countries. Practical recommendations about increase of a role of the labor income in development of the Russian economy and to ensuring expanded reproduction of a labor factor are offered.
Keywords: salary, labor potential, labor productivity, intellectual capital, indicator, inequality